At present, a lot of smart electronic devices are driven by the Android operating system. The most significant use is on smartphones. Android is a Linux-based operating system developed by Google. The massive number of android users is certainly a good opportunity for developers to provide applications for the operating system.
If you already familiar with the programming language, of course know how to work with Eclipse IDE for Java developers. However, to develop an Android application, you are strongly advised to use Android Studio. Here's how to install Android Studio:
- Android studio overview
- Android studio features
- Why use android studio?
- Things you need to be prepared to install android studio
- How to install android studio
Android studio overview
Before going to the section on how to install Android Studio, we start by getting to know this amazing IDE. So, in 2013, Google announced the presence of Android Studio. However, only in 2014 Google officially released Android Studio in beta as the Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for Android application development.
The use of Android Studio certainly maximizes the performance of developers in developing their best applications since it focuses on the Java programming language. Unlike the Eclipse IDE which includes various programming languages.
Until now, Google has developed several versions of Android Studio. As of this writing, the latest version is Android Studio 3.6.3. This latest version is supported with various features to optimize the performance of Android Studio. While the older version is Android Studio 2.3, 3.0.1, 3.0.4, and others.
With Android Studio, you can create attractive interfaces and manage files easily. You can also have direct access to the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) so that the application can run smoothly on all versions of Android devices.
Simply put, you only need to write, edit, and save the worksheet along with the required files. At the time of the coding process, Android Studio will advise on the relevant codes. That way, you can save time when coding.
Android studio features
Here is a list of Android studio features:
- The drag-and-drop layout editor.
- Powerful emulators with various features.
- Dynamic Gradle-based version system.
- The Template feature helps you determine Android designs and components.
- ProGuard integration.
- Lint Tools support to check performance, version compatibility, usability, and other problems.
- The Refactoring feature serves Android-specific flash repairs
- Support C ++ and NDK.
- Integrated with Google Cloud Messaging and App Engine.
- Supports for Android TV and Android Wear applications.
- The Android Studio Environment is simply designed to make it easier to develop Android applications.
Why use android studio?
With a myriad of features offered by Android Studio, so Google makes it the official IDE for android application development. However, you can also use other Android development according to your abilities. Here are two alternative Android development:
Xamarin can be chosen if you are familiar with C# Language. This software developed by Microsoft will help you to become a capable mobile developer.
Ionic was developed to help web developers who want to expand into the world of mobile developers. By using ionic, we can create Android applications with web technology.
Things you need to be prepared to install android studio
Before you rush to download and install Android Studio, make sure the JDK has been installed before. Read here on How To Install Java JDK and JRE. Next, pay attention to some things related to hardware compatibility to install android studio. Below are the things that need to be prepared before installing android studio:
Android Studio can operate with Windows 32- and 64-bit versions, 7.8 or 10. Windows users who want to install android studio must make sure their device has the following requirements:
- The minimum computer screen resolution is 1280 X 800.
- Make sure the available disk space is not less than 2GB (500MB for IDE and 1.5GB for android SDK and image system emulator). However, we recommend that you set aside 4GB of space so that your windows device continues to run smoothly.
- Make sure the device is supported with at least 3GB or 8GB of RAM. 1GB of RAM will be used for the android emulator.
- The 64-bit operating system and Intel® support Intel® VT-x processor, Intel® EM64T (Intel® 64), and Execute Disable (XD) Bit functionality are useful for acceleration emulators.
For Apple users, make sure the following are met:
- Make sure your device is using the Mac® OS X® 10.10 (Yosemite) version or above.
- Minimum screen resolution of 1280 x 800.
- Minimum RAM of 3GB. However, it would be better if 8GB with an additional 1GB for the android emulator.
- Provide a minimum of 2GB of disk space with an estimated usage of 500MB for the IDE and 1.5GB for the android SDK and emulator system.
The following requirements must be met when wanting to install Android Studio on Linux:
- Linux-based computers must have a GNOME or KDE desktop that has been tested by Ubuntu® 12.04, Precise Pangolin (a 64-bit distribution capable of operating 32-bit applications).
- Also make sure the device is supported by GNU C Library (Glibc) version 2.19 or updated version.
- The screen resolution must also be 1280 X 800
- Provide at least 2GB of disk space.
- Android Studio requires a minimum of 3GB. But we recommend using 8GB of RAM so that Android Studio runs smoothly. Do not forget to add 1GB of RAM which will be used for the Android emulator.
- For emulator speed, at least Intel® Processors with Intel® VT-x support, Intel® EM64T (Intel® 64), and Execute Disable (XD) Bit functionality, or AMD processors with AMD Virtualization ™ (AMD-V ™) support are needed.
How to install android studio
After your hardware device meets the above requirements, it is time for you to know how to install Android Studio. Here we will describe how to install Android Studio:
- Visit the official Android studio website at https://developer.android.com/studio to download the latest installer file. Check the mark for agreeing to the terms and conditions so that Android Studio can be downloaded. Then you can follow the instructions until the download process is complete.
- After the download is complete, run the installer file. The file will automatically be verified so wait until the process is complete.
- On the Setup menu, click next to install Android Studio. Then in the Choose Component menu, check Android Studio, Android SDK, and Android Virtual Device then click next.
- Setelah memilih semua komponen yang akan diinstal, lanjut ke jendela License Agremeent. Klik saja pada kotak I Agree.
- Tahap selanjutnya adalah tentukan lokasi penyimpanan Android Studio beserta SDKnya. Secara default, file instalasi tersebut akan tersimpan di Local Disk (C).
- Next, click install. Check the Do not Create Shortcuts option if you want.
- Wait until the installation process is complete. Click next and click finish while the Android Studio Start menu is still checked.
- In the next window, there are 2 options. The first choice is for those who have previously installed the Android Studio IDE. If you have never installed it, then check the second option. Don't forget to click OK so you can move to the next process.
- When you check the second option, then you will see a Welcome window. Choose the next menu.
- After that, select the standard type install option then click next.
- Then, the SDK Components Setup window will appear. There are several SDK components to choose from. Just check the components to be installed then click next.
- The next step is Verify Settings. Click finish and the component download process will begin.
- After the download process is complete, it means that the installation of Android Studio is complete. Therefore click finish.
- After a long installation process, you will be greeted with a Welcome to Android Studio window. Now, you can run it.
That's the full review of Android Studio and how to install Android Studio. Android Studio is the official Android development from Google. Android developers, both beginners and experienced, are expected to be able to create various types of Android applications using this IDE.